PHP & MySQL Date Format Reference

Title PHP PHP example MySQL MySQL example Notes
date($format, [$timestamp]) DATE_FORMAT(date, format)

Day & Date

Day of month with leading zero d 19 %d 19
Day of month without leading zero j 19 %e 19
Day of month with english ordinal suffix jS 19th %D 19th
Day name l Monday %W Monday
Day name abbreviated D Mon %a Mon
Day number in current week w 1 %w 1 0-Sunday, 6-Saturday
Day number in current year z 77 %j 078 PHP 0-365, MySQL 001-366


Month of year with leading zero m 03 %m 03
Month of year without leading zero n 3 %c 3
Month name F March %M March
Month name abbreviated M Mar %b Mar


Year Y 2018 %Y 2018
Year abbreviated y 18 %y 18


24 Hour with leading zero H 10 %H 10
24 Hour without leading zero G 10 %k 10
12 Hour with leading zero h 10 %h 10 %I also works in MySQL
12 Hour without leading zero g 10 %l 10
AM or PM A AM %p AM 'a' can also be used in php for lowercase result.


Minute with leading zero i 52 %i 52


Seconds with leading zero s 46 %s 45 %S also works in MySQL


Microseconds u 000000 %f 000000
Leap year L 0 '1' if leap year, '0' if not. No MySql alternative.
Documentation - date() - date_format()