PHP & MySQL Date Format Reference

Title PHP PHP example MySQL MySQL example Notes
date($format, [$timestamp]) DATE_FORMAT(date, format)

Day & Date

Day of month with leading zero d 20 %d 20
Day of month without leading zero j 20 %e 20
Day of month with english ordinal suffix jS 20th %D 20th
Day name l Monday %W Monday
Day name abbreviated D Mon %a Mon
Day number in current week w 1 %w 1 0-Sunday, 6-Saturday
Day number in current year z 231 %j 232 PHP 0-365, MySQL 001-366


Month of year with leading zero m 08 %m 08
Month of year without leading zero n 8 %c 8
Month name F August %M August
Month name abbreviated M Aug %b Aug


Year Y 2018 %Y 2018
Year abbreviated y 18 %y 18


24 Hour with leading zero H 01 %H 01
24 Hour without leading zero G 1 %k 1
12 Hour with leading zero h 01 %h 01 %I also works in MySQL
12 Hour without leading zero g 1 %l 1
AM or PM A AM %p AM 'a' can also be used in php for lowercase result.


Minute with leading zero i 37 %i 37


Seconds with leading zero s 23 %s 23 %S also works in MySQL


Microseconds u 000000 %f 000000
Leap year L 0 '1' if leap year, '0' if not. No MySql alternative.
Documentation - date() - date_format()